City College of San Francisco
Course Outline of Record
Course Status: Active
A. Approval Date February 2016
B. Effective Semester Fall 2016
C. Department Engineering & Technology
D. Course Number ET 130
E. Course Title Applied Fluid Mechanics for Mechanical Engineering Technology
F. Course Outline Originator Keith Mueller
F. Co-Contributor(s):
Hitesh Soneji
Vishal Bakshi
G. Department Chairperson Hitesh Soneji
H. Dean David Yee
A. Hours
Lecture: 52.5
Homework: 105
Total Hours: 157.5
B. Units 3
C. Prerequisite None
    Corequisite None
    Pre/Corequisite None
    Advisory None
    Advisory Pre/Corequisite None
D. Course Justification Provides engineering students with varying backgrounds and work experience the opportunity to learn the basic concepts of air conditioning, refrigeration, and engineering plumbing systems. Emphasis is on practical engineering problems to prepare students for employment in the HVAC or plumbing industry.
E. Field Trips No
F. Method of Grading Only Letter
G. Repeatability Course is not repeatable
An introduction to fluid statics and the basic laws of fluid flow; conservation of mass, momentum and energy. Applications of the basic laws to internal and external incompressible flow, including specific topics in pipe flow systems, centrifugal pumps and fans, streamlining, fluid flow meters, psychometrics of air and water-vapor mixtures, and basic elements of air conditioning. Use of psychometric instruments and psychometric charts to graphically analyze processes.
Upon completion of this course, a student will be able to:
  1. Describe the assumptions and boundary conditions used to solve fluid flow problems
  2. Describe psychometric processes involved in air-conditioning and heating systems, including cooling, dehumidifying, heating, and humidifying
  3. Relate engineering principles of fluid statics and fluid dynamics to piping systems in buildings, including plumbing and heating systems
  4. Design and select the proper equipment and pipe sizes for fluid systems in buildings
  1. Fluids
    1. The nature of fluids
    2. Viscosity of fluids
    3. Pressure measurements
    4. Properties of water 
    5. Properties of steam
    6. General energy equation
    7. Reynolds number
    8. Fluid flow (closed circuit, laminar, turbulent)F
  2. Forces due to static fluids
    1. Gases under pressure
    2. Horizontal flat surfaces under liquids
    3. Rectangular walls
    4. Submerged plane areas
    5. Forces on a submerged curved surface
    6. Pressure effects above fluid surfaces
  3. Plumbing Systems   
    1. Buoyancy  
    2. Fluid flow 
    3. Friction losses
    4. Minor losses 
    5. Series pipe lines  
    6. Parallel pipe lines
    7. Open channel flow
    8. Pumps
    9. Steam hydraulic systems
  4. Flow measurement
    1. Variable head meters
    2. Variable area meters
    3. Turbine flowmeter
    4. Vortex flowmeter
    5. Magnetic flowmeter
    6. Ultrasonic flowmeters
    7. Positive displacement meters
    8. Mass flow measurement
    9. Velocity probes
  5. Drag and lift
    1. Drag force equation
    2. Pressure drag
    3. Drag coefficient
    4. Friction drag on spheres in laminar flow
    5. Compressibility effects and cavitation
  6. Fans, blowers, compressors, and the flow of gases
    1. Gas flow rates and pressures
    2. Classification of fans, blowers, and compressors
    3. Flow of compressed air and other gases in pipes
    4. Flow of air and other gases through nozzles
  7. HVAC systems                                     
    1. Psychometric tables
    2. Psychometric charts
    3. Psychometric calculations
    4. Evaporative cooling
    5. Humidification and dehumidication
    6. Instruments for measurements of psychometric properties  
    7. Effective temperatures 
    8. Environment design considerations
    9. Cooling and dehumidification coils
    10. Principles of reheat        
    11. Air mixtures 
    12. Outside mixtures
    13. Outside air
    14. Re-circulated air
    15. By pass 
    16. Computer program of psychometric chart and psychometric processes                
  1. Assignments
    1. In-class activity: Participation in class discussions on aspects of applied fluid dynamics and approaches to solving fluid dynamics problems. For example, describe the variation of viscosity with temperature for both liquids and gases. Further examples are specifying the desired size of pipe or tubing for carrying a given flow rate of fluid at a specified velocity, computing the average velocity of flow in non-circular cross sections, and describe the general characteristics of fans, blowers, and compressors.
    2. In-class activity: Small group discussion and analysis of course content such as sizing flowmeters for pipe systems in buildings. Another example would be calculating the flow of compressed air through an HVAC application.
    3. In-class activity: In class computer exercises of fluid flow and psychometric chart processes
    4. Out-of-class assignment: Textbook readings covering topics in course content such as Bernoulli’s equation, Reynolds number, laminar flow, turbulent flow and energy losses due to friction
    5. Out-of-class assignment: Problem sets covering topics in course content that progressively develop skills in applied fluid mechanics problems. For example, determining how the Reynolds number is directly proportional to velocity & inversely proportional to viscosity. Another example would be calculating one, two and three dimensional steady flows of compressible and incompressible fluid in pipes and channels.
  2. Evaluation
    1. Exams/Quizzes/Tests: Bi-weekly quizzes to measure student's understanding of the concepts associated with the assigned topics. For example, calculate the minimum gage pressure required at a horizontal section of pipe discharging at atmospheric pressure. Or how to formulate a sensible heating or cooling process that involves the increase or decrease in the temperature of air without changing its humidity ratio.
    2. Exams/Quizzes/Tests: A written midterm exam to measure student's overall understanding of the concepts as well as analytical skills to solve applied fluid mechanics problems. For example, calculating the difference in pressure in an incompressible fluid across a a pipe reduction, or calculating minimum gauge pressure in the mains for an incompressible fluid to reach a proscribed height.
    3. Final Assessment: A comprehensive written final exam to measure student's overall understanding of the concepts as well as analytical skills to solve applied fluid mechanics problems. For example, calculate the Reynolds number when the laminar flow of a Newton ian fluid ceases to exist. Or calculate using the psychrometric chart, the dry bulb temperature and humidity ratio of mixed air from a service operation.
    4. Other: Problem sets are evaluated based on choosing the correct method of solution and the clarity and completeness of the problem presentation. The student must show all steps clearly and all formulas used.
  3. Representative Textbooks and Other Instructional Materials
    1. Robert L. Mott and Joseph A. Untener. 2014. Applied Fluid Mechanics, 7th Edition. Prentice Hall.
    2. Scientific calculator
    3. Website: The Engineering Toolbox
CREDIT/DEGREE APPLICABLE (meets all standards of Title 5. Section 55002(a))