City College of San Francisco
Course Outline of Record
Course Status: Active
A. Approval Date December 2018
B. Effective Semester Fall 2019
C. Department Women's and Gender Studies
D. Course Number WGST 35
E. Course Title Introduction to Masculinity Studies
F. Course Outline Originator Margaret Harrison
F. Co-Contributor(s):
Ardel Thomas
Adele Failes-Carpenter
G. Department Chairperson Maggie Harrison
H. Dean Jill Yee
A. Hours
Lecture: 52.5
Homework: 105
Total Hours: 157.5
B. Units 3
C. Prerequisite None
    Corequisite None
    Pre/Corequisite None
    Advisory ENGL 88 or ESL 188 or readiness for college-level English
    Advisory Pre/Corequisite None
D. Course Justification This introduction to the interdisciplinary study of masculinities surveys a range of topics in the field. Course is designed to meet the GE requirement for Associate's degree Areas H2, H3, and D, as well as CSU Area D and IGETC Area 4. Course is designed to contribute to the course options for relevant AA degrees and AA-T degrees, particularly the Social Justice: Gender Studies AA-T degree, and to be CSU and UC transferrable.
E. Field Trips No
F. Method of Grading Letter or Pass/No Pass
G. Repeatability Course is not repeatable
An interdisciplinary and intersectional study of masculinities within US culture and society. Special attention will be given to how masculinity is represented and constructed along axes of race, ethnicity, sexuality, gender, class, and ability, as well as possibilities for challenging hegemonic masculinity and building new masculinities.
Upon completion of this course, a student will be able to:
  1. Discuss how sex, gender expression, and gender identity function within larger economic and political landscapes.
  2. Analyze how masculinities and masculine roles are constructed, and how constructs vary according to systems of difference.
  3. Examine the impact of dominant forms of masculinity on public health and societal well-being.
  4. Analyze key cultural works aimed at resisting dominant forms of masculinity within and across different racial and ethnic groups.
  5. Evaluate the effectiveness of organizations and social movements aimed at constructing new masculinities, particularly in terms of impact on interpersonal violence and gender inequality.
  1. Gender identity
    1. Relationship to biological sex
    2. Relationship to sexual orientation
    3. Relationship to gender roles
    4. Influence of sexisms
    5. Oppression and privilege
  2. Social and cultural expectations of masculinity at the intersections of race, ethnicity, culture, sexuality, gender, class, ability, religion, age, and other systems of difference, including but not limited to:
    1. African American cisgender male masculinities
    2. The history of machismo
    3. Asian American masculinities
    4. Indigenous masculinities
    5. Representations of white boyhood and manhood in America 
    6. Transmasculine and masculine of center people of color
    7. Queer masculinities
    8. Masculine people with dis/abilities
    9. Poor and working class masculinities
  3. Consequences of dominant forms of masculinity
    1. Health implications and the gendered aspects of emotional and physical well-being
      1. Emotion Management
      2. Impact of trauma
        1. Physical consequences
        2. Male maladaptive responses to trauma
      3. Alcohol and drug use
        1. Prescription drugs and the opioid crisis
        2. Links to aggression and life-risking behavior
      4. Morbidity
        1. Barriers to healthcare and wellness
        2. HIV
      5. Leading causes of mortality
        1. Accidents (unintentional injuries)
        2. Suicide
        3. Homicide
      6. Body image
        1. Hypermasculinity
        2. Steroid use
        3. Disordered eating
      7. Sexuality and relationships
        1. Heteronormativity
        2. Queer
        3. Friendships
      8. Interpersonal violence
        1. The cycle of violence and patterns of abuse
        2. Gender asymmetry
        3. Violence as an expected and condoned display of masculinity
        4. Male survivors of sexual violence
    2. Social implications and the gendered formation of major institutions
      1. Family
      2. Sports
      3. Education
      4. Work 
      5. Religion
      6. Prisons
      7. Media
      8. Healthcare
    3. Political implications and the unspoken gendered nature of violence
      1. Heterosexism
      2. Militarism
      3. Nationalism
      4. Colonialism
      5. Reactionary political movements
  4. Resistance to dominant forms of masculinity
    1. Art and culture
      1. Literature
      2. Music
      3. Dance
      4. Theater
      5. Film
      6. Other media
    2. The disruption of masculine ideals by trans and queer masculine people
      1. Transmasculine representations
      2. Female representations
      3. Non-binary representations 
      4. Queer representations
    3. Intersex Masculinity
    4. Feminist Masculine Movements
      1. American feminist men’s movements and responses to reactionary men's movements
      2. Global men’s movements
      3. Queer and transmasculine movements
      4. Inclusive masculinities
      5. Masculine feminist activism to end male violence
    5. Bystander intervention
  1. Assignments
    1. In-class activity: Class discussions of course readings and other materials, on topics such as how Richie Vargas builds a feminist movement from behind bars in "The Feminist on Cellblock Y" or how "the bro code," discussed by Michael Kimmel, informs ethical decision making, hook up culture, rape culture, and hazing
    2. In-class activity: Group discussions analyzing relevant issues, such as, "How gender messages in advertising construct masculinity, as it intersects with race, class, ability, and sexual orientation"; "Myths and Facts related to feminism and social movements aimed at achieving gender equality." In addition to analysis, students will defend, debate the merits of, criticize, and demonstrate an appreciation for the historical context of the course readings.
    3. In-class activity: Presentations on forms of activism related to course topics, such as, "Roles of men and masculine-identified people in feminist social movements aimed at redefining masculinity," as well as on the results of group and individual projects
    4. Out-of-class assignment: Weekly reading assignments
    5. Out-of-class assignment: Multiple outside-of-class short written homework assignments analyzing assigned readings that include case studies, demographic data, and other forms of research
    6. Out-of-class assignment: Short, written reflective pieces connecting personal experience to topics discussed in class.
    7. Out-of-class assignment: Written assignment analyzing a fictional text addressing themes of intersectionality, masculinity, and gender socialization.
    8. Out-of-class assignment: A group project requiring structured out-of class research and analysis resulting in 1) a documented report or 2) a facilitation plan for a peer consciousness-raising session or workshop, each of which would be presented to the class
    9. Out-of-class assignment: Final project. Students choose between a service-learning project or an annotated bibliography as described below. 1. Service-Learning project engaging in volunteerism or activism for feminist masculinity, culminating in a final paper connecting their service work to key class concepts and readings. 2. Annotated Bibliography demonstrating research and analysis into a topic related to the course, such as the limitations of idealized masculinity at a particular intersection of race, ethnicity, culture, class, ability, religion, or (as an example) "Intersectional Afrofuturism and Masculinity."
  2. Evaluation
    1. Participation: Assessed on the quality of input to class discussion, including clarity of ideas and ability to expand on central concepts
    2. Written work: Out-of class written analytical homework assignments, as described above, assessed for level of comprehension of the material and level of analysis through the use of course concepts and lecture material
    3. Presentation: Presentations assessed on the clarity of ideas and relevance to course topics
    4. Exams/Quizzes/Tests: At least two midterms, quizzes, or tests assessing the student's knowledge of key ideas covered in the class, such as power, oppression, intersectionality, and their relationships to gender socialization
    5. Research project: Contribution to group research project, including report and class presentation, as described above, assessed for level of comprehension of the material and level of analysis through the use of course concepts and lecture material
    6. Final Assessment: Final exam assessing the student's knowledge of and ability to synthesize course materials including short and long essays on gender socialization, the causes of gender-based violence, and strategies for transforming masculinities
    7. Final Assessment: Final projects, as described above, assessing the student's knowledge of and ability to synthesize course materials related to either service-learning or annotated bibliography.
  3. Representative Textbooks and Other Instructional Materials
    1. Adams, Rachel and David Savran, eds. . 2002. The Masculinity Studies Reader. Blackwell Publishers.
    2. Connell, Raewyn. . 2005. Masculinities, 2nd Edition. U of California Press.
    3. Kimmel, Michael. 2012. Manhood in America: A Cultural History. 3rd ed. . Oxford University Press.
    4. Sussman, Herbert. 2012. Masculine Identities: The History and Meanings of Manliness. Praeger.
    5. Innes, Robert Alexander and Anderson, Kim (editors). 2015. Indigenous Men and Masculinities: Legacies, Identities, Regeneration. University of Manitoba Press.
    6. Chen, Jian Neo. 2018. Trans Exploits: Trans of Color Cultures and Technologies in Movement. Duke University Press.
    7. Fajardo, Kale Bantigue. 2011. Filipino Crosscurrents: Oceanographies of Seafaring, Masculinities, and Globalization. University of Minnesota Press.
    8. Snorton, C. Riley. 2017. Black on Both Sides: A Racial History of Trans Identity. University of Minnesota Press.
    9. Feinberg, Leslie. 1993. Stone Butch Blues. Firebrand Books.
    10. Morgan Mann Willis (editor). 2016. Outside the XY: Queer, Black and Brown Masculinity. Riverdale Avenue Books.
    11. de la Mora, Sergio. 2006. Cinemachismo: Masculinities and Sexuality in Mexican Film. University of Texas Press.
    12. Keig, Zander and Kellaway, Mitch, editors. 2014. Manning Up. Transsexual Men on Finding Brotherhood, Family, and Themselves. Transgress Press.
    13. Green, Jamison. 2004. Becoming a Visible Man. Vanderbilt University Press.
    14. Wilkinson, Willy. 2015. Born on the Edge of Race and Gender: A Voice for Cultural Competency. Hapa Papa Press.
    15. Cole, Johnnetta B. and Guy-Sheftall, Beverly. 2003. Gender Talk: The Struggle for Women’s Equality in African American Communities. Ballantine Books.
    16. bell hooks. 2003. We Real Cool: Black Men and Masculinity. Routledge.
    17. Paul Kivel. 2010. Men's Work: How to Stop the Violence That Tears Our Lives Apart. Hazelden Publishing; 2nd edition.
    18. E. Patrick Johnson, Ed.. 2016. No Tea, No Shade: New Writings in Black Queer Studies . Duke University Press.
    19. Jackson Katz. 2006. The Macho Paradox: Why Some Men Hurt Women and How All Men Can Help. Sourcebooks.
    20. Halberstam, Judith. 1998. Female Masculinity. Duke University Press.
    21. Jean Bobby Noble. 2004. Masculinities without Men? Female Masculinity in Twentieth-Century Fictions. UBC Press.
    22. Sycamore, Mattilda Bernstein. 2012. Why Are Faggots so Afraid of Faggots?: Flaming Challenges to Masculinity, Objectification, and the Desire to Conform. AK Press.
    23. Rios, Victor M. . 2011. Punished: Policing the Lives of Black and Latino Boys. New York University Press.
    24. Thangaraj, Stanley I. 2015. Desi Hoop Dreams: Pickup Basketball and the Making of Asian American Masculinity. NYU Press.
    25. Neal, Mark Anthony. 2015. New Black Man, 2nd Edition. Routledge.
    26. hooks, bell. 2004. The Will to Change: Men, Masculinity, and Love. Atria.
    27. Anderson, Eric. 2011. Inclusive Masculinity: The Changing Nature of Masculinities. Routledge.
    28. Johnson, E. Patrick. 2008. Sweet Tea: Black Gay Men of the South - an oral history. The University of North Carolina Press.
    29. C. J. Pascoe . 2011. Dude, You're a Fag Masculinity and Sexuality in High School, 2nd edition. University of California Press.
    30. Mark Anthony Neal. 2013. Looking for Leroy: Illegible Black Masculinities . NYU Press.
    31. bell hooks. 2004. The Will to Change: Men, Masculinity, and Love. Atria Books.
    32. Cooper, T.. 2013. Real Man Adventures. McSweeney’s Books.
    33. Viloria, Hida. 2017. Born Both: An Intersex Life. Hachette Press.
    34. Shuttleworth, Russell, Wedgewood, Nikki, Wilson, Nathan J. “The Dilemma of Disabled Masculinity,” Sage Journals, Vol. 15, issue: 2, page(s): 174-194, June 5, 2012.
    35. Enke, A. Finn. “Transfeminist Perspectives in and beyond Transgender and Gender Studies,” QED: A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Summer 2015), pp. 224-226
    36. Wright, Richard. “Healthy Masculinity and Toxic Masculinity in Wakanda: An Intersectional Afrofuturist Perspective”
    37. Film: “The Feminist on Cellblock Y.” Directed by Contessa Gayles. CNN, 2018.
    38. Film: “Tongues Untied,” Marlon Riggs.
    39. Film: “Still Black,” Kortney Ryan Ziegler.
    40. Film: “A Womb of their Own.” Serious Play Films, 2016.
    41. Film: "The Mask You Live In." Directed by Jennifer Siebel Newsom. The Representation Project, 2015. DVD.
    42. Film: Tough Guise: Violence, Media, and the Crisis in Masculinity. Directed by Sut Jhally. Media Education Foundation, 1999. DVD.
    43. Film: Tough Guise 2: Violence, Media, and the Crisis in Masculinity. Directed by Jeremy Earp. Media Education Foundation, 2013. DVD.
    44. Film: Hip-Hop: Beyond the Beats and Rhymes. Directed by Byron Hurt. Media Education Foundation, 2006. DVD.
    45. Short story: "Boys." Rick Moody. In Demonology: Stories. Back Bay Books. 2002.
    46. Short story: "The Sun, The Moon, and The Stars." Junot Diaz. In This is How You Lose Her. Riverhead Books, 2012.
    47. Website: Men Can Stop Rape
    48. Website: Futures Without Violence
CREDIT/DEGREE APPLICABLE (meets all standards of Title 5. Section 55002(a))